Tuesday, March 29, 2016

Redefining this blog

I don't really know if the title is correct journalism. I am not modifying, merely reaffirming my intents. We have been getting limited dance information from the regular sources on the West side of Oahu. Now we could use additional information on dancing on the other side of this Island, from Turtle Bay to Waimanalo. Anything that may interest the reader/dancers of this blog.

"There are not enough crutches in our dance world
for all the lame excuses."

Next in line are the neighbor islands and I already know that they are very sensitive as to opinions on their dances, even if they misinterpret our terminology. So we have to go easy and perhaps soon we can make contact for the benefit of all of our reader/dancers. We got a poster from Huggo's on the Big Island and that is step forward.

"My Life For A Song" by Placido Domingo

From there we expect to eventually get to the Pacific Rim. This blog is already there but not by much. The Philippines, who were not in the top ten at the beginning are now in seventh place. So all of this takes time. We have dancers that go to dances in the Central Valley on Oahu that are not aware of the diffeerent blogs yet. Some are aware, but find it too difficult to get to them. This takes time. That is why the total amount of hits in all the blogs just keeps on going up but very slowly, no flashes of fame and fortune.

"Return To Me" by Tony Bennett

Pub's Side Note: This is a Blog site,not a Web site.and perhaps our entire blogosphere's success will be dependent on an island wide input of dance information. A willingness to share information with our fellow dancers. We can have an Internet structure as open, untrammeled, and transparent as possible. Therefore most of what I do in my own interests will also advanced those aims -- or at least it will not impede them.

"The best wines are the ones we drink with friends."

Monday, March 28, 2016

Latin Anyone?

By Brandis Riba, Kaneohe

We dearly love our Cha Cha Chas Cuban, our Tangos Argentine, our Sambas Brazilian and our Jive as American as Apple pie. But young people will always go for something new. Today there are ten different Tangos danced in Argentina alone.

"All life is a chance, the sure thing boat never gets far from shore."

A long time ago, Indian music with no sentimentality involved was something else. When a rumbero of a couple centuries ago went to rumba he was going to a dance party and he was intending to do some serious celebrating. But then, the English speaking visitors of Cuba liked it but got the name wrong and perhaps they confused the term rumba with danzon, the beguine or the bolero. The very popular danzon was an old dance brought from the courts of  France as the contra-danza to Haiti and then to Cuba.

"Por El Amor De Una Mujer" por Julio Iglesias

It is danced to 4/4 soft rhythms music in moderate to slow tempo and during sections uses a rock step. a slow step with a two count and with hip and knee action. The beguine stems from the Big Band Era and sounds like a foxtrot with a little Latin (like Beguine the Beguine) and also has a rock step and a slow that is danced a bit smoother.

"Noche De Ronda" por José Feliciano

The Bolero utilizes the slow ballad type music usually associated with the international rumba. Begun as a classical court dance in Spain, sometimes performed with castanets and/or fans and sometimes en pointe, the bolero escuela went through many transformations. The modern American Bolero is a couple dance with body contact, rise and fall, sway, contra body motion and sophisticated ballroom turns such as telemarks, double reverse spins and every kind of over-sway.

The bolero ranchero is a fox troted rumba from Mexico features the sweet sounds of acoustical guitars, often other strings and sometime a trio of singers harmonizing, ala Mariachi. The Dominican dance, bachata, is essentially a rhythmic bolero with a quicker than usual tempo.

"Fly Me To The Moon" by Jimmy Borges

The rhythmic pattern varies from a slow-quick-quick for the smoothest bolero to the more rhythmic slow and - a - quick, and - a - quick. Regardless, the 1st beat is the accent and there is no clave of any kind here.

"In dancing, Everything depends, Nothing is always and Everything is sometimes."

Saturday, March 26, 2016

Wot Kine Dancer?

What Kind Of Dancers Are We?
By Jerry Chung, Pupukea, North Shore.

As we begin to dance, we may be motivated by many reasons — some social (we want to meet new people) and some dance-related. If it’s "about dancing" for us, we probably fit into some category. First we want to be able to negotiate a public dance or wedding/social event that includes social dancing, This may be very light and dance with few people. And of course, it can get heavier if we know everyone there.

"We can save ourselves a lot of needless worry if we don't
burn our bridges until we  come to them."

Just a figment of someone's imagination
Some of us, will enjoy learning choreography and then performing in public (exhibition dancing), now we are getting fancy. We want to learn and focus on both dance technique and the traits of certain ballroom dances (competition dancing). This is fancier yet. Not much wrong there and many good people find enjoyment in that field.

"Maui Waltz" by Loyal Garner

So, what kind of dancers are we? Social, exhibition, and/or competition dancer? Or Specialties? Most of us are social dancers, we just want to have a little fun socializing with people. And naturally, the enjoyment of moving to various kinds of music of our choice. Maybe we have a little fancy stuff now and then, but we are in it just for kicks.

"Just One Of Those Things" by Jimmy Borges
Eventually we will find the need to dance to Live Music and finding a dance floor big enough. The one thing that distinguishes a bar - lounge from a night club is a "dance floor." As far as I know that is the only factor in the difference. However, let us face it, a ten by ten foot floor is not for us and we do not need acres of it either. A place closer to home of course would be ideal.

"Morning Dew" by Melveen Leed

Some of us will gravitate to the specialties. The main reason being the social atmosphere. We may find the right kind of people in Country Dancing and it is not that much different in our dancing. Or it maybe Bachata-Salsa or Tango, you name it, we can find it. From the very beginning, it means that we learn and have fun learning along the way. Can we ask for more? How about getting more dance action in the North Shore? For us from Waialua to Turtle Bay, terrific.

Dance Law #42A: Complex problems in the Dance field have
simple easy-to-understand wrong answers. 

Thursday, March 24, 2016

Tango? Milonga?

In the 1890s the wheels in Buenos Aires decided that the Milonga had been too long considered low class because of its birth and initial development. But now it was going very strongly into the middle class and even to high class Argentinians. They renamed it, Tango, simply because they liked the name. But most people still hyphenated it toTango - Milonga.

"Everyone sees who we appear to be but only a few know the real us.
They only see what we choose to show. There's so much behind
our smiles they just don't know right away."

Twenty some years passed and then in 1912, still admired by the foreign contingent, it was taken to France by upper class Parisians as “The Tango.” This time in the classiest of the Paris Cabarets and Restaurants with a syncopated beginning in each measure and predominant staccato music played by imported Argentine musicians.

"El Dia Que Me Quieras" por Carlos Gardel

It was a smash hit! And went almost immediately to Madrid, Rome and Berlin. The newspapers described the style as “sinous” and “sophisticated,” and there were many who admired the “authentic atmosphere” created by the native orchestras (Comparsas consisting of bandoneons, guitars, violins and flutes.) Acceptance of the Tango by the Parisians elevated the dance to such honored heights that, in three years the Argentine Tango reached not only the dance floors of the rest of Europe, but also to the US and the Orient.

 "La Comparsita" por Carlos Gardel

Then a not so curious thing happened. "The Fragmentation." Dance teachers swarmed into the fray and introduced hundreds of new figures. A sightly different style wa developed in Central Europe. The Finns developed a beautiful version which is danced to this day as the Nordic Tango, in the Scandinavian and Baltic countries, Russia and in Central Europe. And of course,the English developed their own which was eventually renamed, International Style and used mainly as a competition and exhibition dance.

"And you know what they say about dancing vampires? They suck!"

Wednesday, March 23, 2016

Ballroom Dancing began in the year 2010?

From the Dance News, San Francisco:
A familiar teachers lament is that someone else is teaching the dance pattern that they choreographed. The complaint may charge that even the original name given to the pattern was changed. In their minds, it adds insult to injury and even more irritating if another teacher is mistakenly given credit for originating the pattern.

"More dancers would learn from their mistakes,
if they were not so busy denying them."

All of these teachers exhibit a marked ignorance of dancing. They think that dancing began last week. No? Last month? Last year? Dumb Dodos. Humans have been moving to rhythm for milleniums and every movement known to mankind today has been done by thousands before us.

"Tiny Bubbles" by Don Ho

The Toltec civilization in Mexico had "professional" dancers and over 2000 different dances. You didn't see all their moves? How about that? But now you expect me to believe that you have "invented" something new, and you have no idea that that was done by the Mayans for five hundred years after the Toltecs. The Aztecs after? Don't even mention them. The Toltecs even knew of the five basic moves in all dance expressed by Rudolf Labans in his famous analysis almost a hundred years ago.

"No Time" by The Guess Who

Today in the present dance world, Mambo has on record more than 600 different step patterns. You know anyone, and I mean anyone that has ever seen all of them? Ha! Think it over.  You just came up to one of them and because you have never seen it you think you invented something. Ho, Ho, Ho.

"Morning Dew" by Melveen Leed

The biggest mistake on record was when Arthur Murray took Fred Astaire to court for using his square step (slow, quick, quick) in Rumba. A movement that had been done by the Toltec civilization 2500 years before. But what did the courts know. Arthur Murray won. Then Fred Astaire just changed the timing to quick, quick, slow and got away with it.

"Maui Waltz" by Loyal Garner

Not only that but the Astaire studios created the Competition Dance for the American Style and that screwed up the American Rumba ever since. We are talking professionals and the bottom line is money. All the rest of the patterns are beautiful and most come from the originals, just need the basic. And the original rock step on the two, three count would be perfect and you break on the loud noise.

"Those that are ignorant of history are condemned to repeat it.

Monday, March 21, 2016

Our Developing Latin Scene

The commonalities of Latin music and dance on Oahu have occurred in learning the basics in American and International style of dance. This has then been applied to dancing to their own music in night clubs or private parties, an amalgamation so to speak. And it will develop even more as social dancers find  more places where they can dance to their preferred music. The lesser types of  music and dance will be weeded out and only a few may remain and join the regulars.

"Whoever undertakes to set themselves up as judge in the field of truth
and knowledge is shipwrecked by the laughter of the Gods."


The three count (Waltz) was first used in the Americas by the Toltec Indian civilization in Mexico, some 4000 years ago. Their music had it both ways,  The American slow waltz style, one, two, three count. and they also had the, One, and, Two count with a chasse, Viennese style rhythm. But then, these were "professionals" in the real sense of the word. They may have developed over 1000 different dances at the time.

"El Dia Que Me Quieras" por Carlos Gardel

When the Spanish arrived, the poor danced with the Indians but preferred the two or four count. But there was a big difference three hundred years later when the newcomers introduced the European Waltz to the middle classes. The Indians danced it more often than they had danced it befote, no big deal and their three count music developed even more as it went to the rest of Latin America.

"Blame It On The Bossa Nova" by Eydie Gorme

In Hawaii, they cannot dance the Indian Waltzes, because they already dance something similar and the only acceptance will be in the coming Latin Dance Clubs. The absolute berries will be to hear the lyrics in Spanish. Try, Alejandra by Vicente Fernandez, almost one hundred years old and still one of the most beautiful Waltzes in the world.

Sunday, March 20, 2016

New York, New York

From Dance Notes: New York City.
Welcome to the magical world of ballroom dancing!

Most importantly of all - HAVE FUN! It’s not a race or a competition, everyone arrives at the same place eventually, dancing with their partner and having a wonderful time. You may experience moments of frustration with yourself or your partner, but don’t let that overshadow all the benefits of becoming a ballroom dancer.   If you find you’re not enjoying what you’re doing, consider a different dance. Perhaps the foxtrot or waltz is not your cup of tea, try the Rumba, Cha-Cha-Cha, Tango or the Swing.

"We should beware of the half truth.  We just may have
gotten hold  of the wrong half."

Given time, you’ll find your favorite and you can focus on that. My guess is that you’ll wind up like most ballroom dancers, loving them all and not wanting to stop until you’ve learned them all. Forgive yourself. If you get off track, don’t think that you failed. Review your plan and make adjustments. If you are all right, congratulate yourself. Reward yourself when your intermediate goals or resolutions are met. The most important point to consider when deciding on your resolutions is to decide if you are truly willing to make the change in your life,

"Let's Have Another Party" by Winifred Atwell

Think of it, as not so many rules and regulations. You can dance for the pure enjoyment of moving to music, like it has been done for centuries, without having someone inform you that you are doing it incorrectly. Gawd! Enough already. Of course we should respect those that must do it that way because they are ;usually very good dancers. And they can do it in their own places where they can dance with their own kind and no worry about "junk dancers." No harm done and every body happy that way.

"La Comparsita" by Placido Domingo

Just found out here in Pearl City:
Q. How can you tell the difference between a male chromosome and a female chromosome?
A.You gotta pull down their genes. 


Thursday, March 17, 2016

Latin Music and Dance on Oahu

Expansive Genres and the Future of Latin Dance
By Augustin Ballesteros, Kalihi

There are yet two Latin dance forms that remain solidly popular today on Oahu, which are the Rumba and the Cha Cha Cha. They first became popular in the early and middle part of the last century and they continue to be taught in studios and performed in competitions today.
Latin American music has had  much influence in the United States, and of course in other regions of the world where creativity is still flourishing.

 “Seldom, very seldom, does complete truth belong to any human disclosure; seldom can it happen that something is not a little disguised or a little mistaken.”

Throughout the years, the styles of Latin dance have been coming up from the Caribbean mainly from Cuba through Florida and from  Puerto Rico, through their New York influence. But those are small groups compared the Mexican in the U.S. The difficulty with the Mexican music and dance is in its diversity which dates back several thousand years. The Mexican music and dance in Georgia will be markedly different than Mexican music and dance in Oregon depending on where the biggest groups came from. There has been some stability in Texas with about five or six different dances that are danced with different music and rhythms. Sometimes referred to as Tex-Mex music and dance, but still too much diversity.

"Oye Como Va" by Azucar Moreno

The same diversity which has been more easily attained in the US, has decreased interest in Mambo, Reggaeton has come and gone. Salsa and Bachata are still in but already show signs of having been there. Naturally there are a couple of other Caribbean dances standing by. What we know and learn about Latin dance today may be even more expansive in the future as this genre of movement continues to grow and thrive. On Oahu it has been tried and found wanting. The Mexicans that have arrived late in the century have come from so many different places. Not only from the US but also from different places in Mexico.

"Begin The Beguine" by Artie Shaw

"To understand the culture, study the dance. To understand the dance,
study the people."

Wednesday, March 16, 2016

Strictly Ballroom

Social style ballroom dancing seems to be on the increase and it is now quite evident. I met a nice guy who told me he doesn't hold anything against the Internationals, they have a right to their way of dancing. They can dance their way and we will dance our way. But we should dance in our own places so that we don't aggravate them for dancing "incorrectly." He has a point.

“Most of us know that whether we live to be 50 or 100 makes
no difference, if we made no difference in the world.”

Many, do think, in the present clubs, that they are the elite. They talk about "junk dancers" in whispers. And most of us have been convinced from a long time ago, They are right, they are different. Shouldn't they have their own places to dance, with their own kind? Then they would not have to bother with the rest of us junk dancers.

"The Tennessee Waltz" by Patti Page

And meanwhile we can have our places and have a ball dancing with our own kind. And the entire social environment is fusing with the night club group. What happened to Country Style? Let's get with it! There is a basic basic to dance the most easily accepted movements by all social dancers. There are so many different dances it is hard to keep them to a social minimum that can be enjoyed by many men and women interchangeably. We will all work on it and have fun just moving to our favorite music.

"Young At Heart" by Frank Sinatra

We are gradually finding out that small places are easy for us and that the Internationals require great expanses of floor. Then too the social ballroom dancer is having more inter dancing with the night club dancers and there is a certain amalgamation going on, naturally. Coupled with some line dance movements, there seems to be a nice acceptable social dance evolving. Hey, this is going to be Da Reel Teeng and we are going to have a smash hit on our hands.

"With A Song In My Heart" by Al Martino

Note to Donald Trump:  Illegal aliens have always been a problem
in the United States. Ask any Indian. 

Monday, March 14, 2016

La Epoca, (the period) part two

La Epoca

This movie is not ONLY about the famous Palladium Ballroom, located at 53rd and Broadway in Manhattan, but about the Palladium-era to present day - all the clubs open at the time and the music born at the time - comparing the dancing of back then to the dancing of today. We even have interviewed those who tell us who it was that started "on 1" Salsa dance, which happened in the Catskills.

 “Most truth passes through three stages: First, it is ridiculed; Second,
it is violently opposed; Third, it is accepted as self-evident.”

We have intimate interviews with major musicians and performers of the Palladium-era that NO other producer has been able to get!! That was so important and it's because of this - that the movie has continued to expand.

The 2-hour long feature-length documentary-film premiers in each state that producers filmed in - Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina and South Carolina during the month of August.

"El Sol de la Noche" por
La Salsa Celtica

Then, the film hit seleced theaters nation-wide! Charlie Rodriguez, the tres player of Johnny Pacheco and who also worked with Larry Harlow and Pete "El Conde" Rodriguez, says in his interview exactly what this film is about. Speaking in Spanish, he says (translated), "Much of today's youth does not know how to distinguish between the origins of the rhythms.

Today, they call all those rhythms by one name - Salsa." To have such a major player for the Palladium say this - is amazing and to actually get it on video is even more amazing. Fortunately this is coming out and we are going to know more about Latin Music and Dance.

“When you truly sing, you sing yourself free. When you truly dance,
you dance yourself free. When you walk in the mountains or
swim in the sea, again, you set yourself free.” 

Sunday, March 13, 2016

Tango Anyone?

Tango Argentino Revue
By Art Hemenway, Seattle. WA

I assume that most tangueros can recall seeing a dance performance that they consider the greatest of their lifetime. For me, I think it was at the Queen Elizabeth theater in Vancouver, British Columbia, where the legendary revue, Tango Argentino played after skipping my home town Seattle.

"For most dancers with whom we love to dance with, the music
is absolutely key, essential, and absolutely impossible to
separate from the dance itself."

Of course, the show exceeded the expectations of all of us who drove North to see it. What dazzling displays of dancing, singing and music! I thought the high point of the evening was the low key dance of Milena Plebs and Miguel Angel Zotto dressed in black evening clothes for "The Continental." The couple appeared at stage right and glided slowly across the stage to the music La Comparsita.

"La Comparsita" por Carlos Gardel

They just performed a tango walk, nary a turn, ocho or gancho. But when they reached center stage I was amazed to see the entire audience arise and give them a standing ovation, just for walking. The audience response was almost as thrilling as the spectacle of the dance.

"Mi Buenos Aires Querido" por Carlos Gardel

Only the dancers in the audience could appreciate the extraordinary physical control that went into that smooth slinky walk. And I wondered how many professionals in the audience noticed that the couple was not dancing in time to the music. During the stage crossing each foot touched the stage about one half second after the beat. The dramatic suspense and relief as each foot of the couple stretched out and touched the stage slightly after the beat was devastating.

Pub's Side Note: So they were dancing "incorrectly." We can let it go just this one time.

Friday, March 11, 2016

La Epoca, (The Period) Part One

About The Film "La Epoca" by Francisco Villalobos,

Released in 2011
Countless times, we've heard the names of Celia Cruz and Tito Puente, but how many times have we heard the names of the musicians who played the music that made them sound so good? "La Epoca" the movie, exposes the legends supporting those big names!

"Que Rico El Mambo" por Perez Prado

What is the Mambo? Who really-really created the Mambo since there are several figures who are often credited with being originators of the Mambo, like Israel "Cachao" Lopez, Perez Prado, Beny More, Tito Puente and Cuban legend Arsenio Rodriguez - so then, who really is the creator of the Mambo? We have the answer documented on this film. What is Salsa? Which is Cuban and which isn't? Which rhythms are Puerto Rican, Dominican or Panamanian?

"Moliendo Cafe" por Azucar Moreno

What's guajira, guajira-son, guaguancó, montuno, son-montuno, cha-cha-chá and are they just rhythms or are they dances? Why are these questions in need of answers in today's society? It's because the term "Salsa" was created, which diluted the ability to distinguish between each rhythm. Not many know what is Latin Music is. "La Epoca" goes into great detail, with personal interviews with the legends who PRECEDED that umbrella term "Salsa," and they share with us how it came to happen. Many of the Latin musician legends such as Celia Cruz, Tito Puente and Arsenio Rodriguez are no longer living, but their enormous contributions to the Palladium-era remain!

"Primitivo" por Arsenio Rodriguez

There have been several  films, recently, which touch upon the "Palladium" times, in New York City, which mentioned many other Latin legends like Machito, Beny Moré, Perez Prado, Tito Rodriguez, and many others. But, "La Epoca" takes it much, much further into the stories and the inside-never-heard-before informative details of the Mambo origins, the relationship between the musicians and most importantly, the legendary musicians who were behind the scenes of the major band-leaders. In addition, the film puts to rest the controversy of Dancing "on 1" vs. Dancing "on "2," and it also exposes the controversy over the umbrella term "Salsa" and the generations that have followed since its conception.

(To be continued in the next blog.)

Thursday, March 10, 2016

So, What's Happening?

I looked all over the Internet and couldn't find a single place where they have social dancing to live music on the neighbor islands. There must be some but I guess they would rather keep it secret.  They have some social clubs similar to Oahu and they have dance studios too. But it may be true that most of that kind of dancing is very local and they shut it down early in the evening.

"Let no one ever come to you without leaving better and happier."
~Mother Teresa 

"Malama Mau, Hawaii" by Amy Hanaialii

Nevertheless Line dancing, remains as the best place for a person to get their "street" dancer smarts. We have on the ultra beginners side, just walking to the music, zombie like. On the other extreme are those that are shaking their heads, shoulders, hips, legs, feet and toes. Somewhere in between is the real Line dancer coming through, who is completely enjoying the movement to music, in the; most natural way.

Sooner or later they become interested in partner dancing and that is where the real fun begins. When they get into ballroom dancing they will have it made in the shade. They will have many of the movements, the rhythm and some styling of their own. They are already "dancers," now it is just a matter of learning to partner and learning new moves.

"With A Song In My Heart" by Al Martino

They will learn what "shine" is in Latin dancing and it is much like line dancing, they separate and each one can do their own thing. And the fun is that you can learn at lot more ways of moving each basic step that you learned in line dancing.

“Don’t wish it were easier, wish you were better. Don’t wish
for fewer problems, wish for more skills. Don’t wish for
less challenges, wish for more wisdom.”

Monday, March 7, 2016

Puerto Vallarta, Mexico

Puerto Vallarta is a resort town on Mexico’s Pacific coast, known for its beaches, water sports and robust nightlife scene with some of the best Latin dancing in the world. The Puerto Vallarta Tourism Board recently announced its final occupancy rates for the year and the city closed a successful 2015 with over 90 percent occupancy.

"So many dancers could learn from their mistakes
if they were not so busy denying them."

Its historic, cobble stoned center is home to the ornate church Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe and they have a wide range of boutiques and very good restaurants and bars. Close to 1.8 million international visitors vacationed in Puerto Vallarta during the year, - many more over the previous year.

"Contigo A La Distancia" por Lucho Gatica

El Malecón, a beachside promenade with contemporary sculptures, as well as bars, lounges and nightclubs, becomes lively in the evenings, mostly with live music. Wonder what kind of music they play there. No Rap?

Actually it is pretty international, meaning that most of it is based on the American Style of Latin Dance. Except the Rumba in which the basic is the Rock Step forward and a slow step side. Then a Rock Step backward and a slow step side. Easy as Pie. It is danced in the US as an alternate basic in American Rumba.

The Waltz usually includes the American style and also a Viennese kind danced with a Chassé. Tango is mostly Argentine and Samba is mostly Brazilian, basic chassé. Mambo, of course, many think it was born there when Perez Prado was there. Some Bachata and Salsa. And that is enough to have a good time dancing, and socializing with the band breaks and occasionally just sitting out a dance.

" We dance because we can get this amazing feeling through the movement
of our legs and body and the rhythm of the music."

Sunday, March 6, 2016


By Daniel Papadapoulus, Waimanalo

Dance, as in many parts of the world, has always played an important role in the life of the Greeks and the Romans. It is an ordinary expression of human feelings and everyday life. The peoples of the Mediterranean began to emerge from barbarism when they learned to cultivate the olive and the vine. Dance came to Greece about 1200 B.C. from civilizations in Crete, which probably were influenced by the Egyptians. This was about the same time that the Toltec Civilizations in Mexico already had perhaps one thousand dances.

"Oh, would that my mind could let fall its dead ideas,
as the tree does its withered leaves!"

Yes, they danced bare ass naked.
Almost every dance has a story to tell. Dance was regarded as one of the highest forms of art. Plato agreed with his mentor Socrates that every educated man should know how to dance gracefully by which he meant the manly exercises that kept the body strong and supple and ready to do its duty on the battlefield.

"The World Is Waiting For The Sunrise" by Les Paul and Mary Ford

The dances in Greece of the ancient times are characterized as dances of war or dances of peace. The latter are distinguished in dances of theater, religious and worshiping dances, martial dances, symposia dances, mourning dances, etc. Symposium from the Greek means drinking together.

The Greeks did not contribute much to the technique of dance, but they did develop the first of the known specialist dancers and the audiences or spectators. They also contributed to the vocabulary of the theatre, notably the koros, (chorus), orkestra, (the round dance floor where the chorus danced), the skene, (the covered area behind the orkestra).

Very important was the proskenion which was the raised platform (stage) between the orkestra and the skene. This entire theatre layout and vocabulary formed the basis for the construction of the proscenium theatre, where ballet later took form.

"Somewhere Over The Rainbow" by Bruddah Iz

Each type of presentation - tragedy, comedy, and satirical play - had its characteristic dances, some staid and solemn, some featuring lewd miming with phallic props. Dance in the military was important and they had many dances with men only but today less important.

Line Dancing from way back times
The Romans treated dance in much the same way as the Greeks, even before the Roman Empire. It was an activity for everyone until the more "decadent days" of the empire, Some in the middle classes became very good dancers and evolved into dancing exhibitions, and some individuals with high social status ceased to actively participate in the dances. In Rome they became some of the first audiences.

"Look our for that moment in cleaning house, when you put on the music and it becomes a dance party of one."